* Indicates undergraduate coauthor


Campbell, Diane, Ann K. Sakai, Stephen G. Weller, Theresa M. Culley, Amy K. Dunbar-Wallis, Allen M. Andres*, Tiffany G. Wong*, Tam Dang*, Bryan Au*, Mickey Ku*, Andrea R. Marcantonio*, Paul J. Ngo*, Andrew A. Nguyen*, My Hanh Tran*, and Quoc-Phong Tran* (2022) Genetic potential for changes in breeding systems: predicted and observed trait changes during artificial selection for male and female allocation in a gynodioecious species. American Journal of Botany.

Winkeljohn Max, Valerie C. Pence, and Theresa M. Culley (2022) Improving culture initiation of mature oak shoots through use of silver thiosulfate. Applications in Plant Sciences. Submitted Jan. 18, 2022.

Parlin, Adam F., Mikhail Yermakov, Samuel M. Stratton, Susan R. Reutman, Theresa M. Culley, Patrick A. Guerra, and Sergey A. Grinshpun (2022) Effect of double masking with silk or cotton over-masks on the source control capabilities of a surgical mask. Aerosol and Air Quality Research 22(6) https://doi.org/10.4209/aaqr.22003

Culley, Theresa, Kurt Dreisilker, M. Clair Ryan, Jessica Arcate Schuler, Nadia Cavallin, Roger Gettig, Kayri Havens, Hans Landel, and Brittany Shultz (2022) The Potential Role of Public Gardens as Sentinels of Plant Invasion. Biodiversity and Conservation. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-022-02391-z


Culley, Theresa M., Megan Philpott, Robert Tunison, Benjamin J. Merritt, José M. Barreiro Sanchez, Alexis Wafer*, and Rebecca Holdren (2021) Research inequity in the plant sciences. Applications in Plant Sciences [Editorial]. doi: 10.1002/aps3.11417

Jaconis, Susan, Theresa M. Culley, Tim C. Keener, Alexandra M. Odom*, Robert J. Elam, and Marissa S. Liang (2021) Effects of short-term exposure to diesel exhaust on ecophysiology, growth, and fecundity of two herbaceous plant. Ohio Journal of Science 121(2): 21-32.


Guerra, Patrick A., Adam F. Parlin, Samuel M. Stratton*, and Theresa M. Culley (2020) A laboratory-based study examining the properties of silk fabric to evaluate its potential as a protective barrier for personal protective equipment and as a functional material for face coverings during the COVID-19 pandemic. PLOS ONE https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0239531

Pence, Valerie, Daniel Ballesteros, Christina Walters, Barbara Reed, Megan Philpott, Kingsley W. Dixon, Hugh W. Pritchard, Theresa M. Culley, Anne-Catherine Vanhove (2020) Cryobiotechnologies: Tools for expanding long-term ex situ conservation to all plant species. Biological Conservation 250: 108736. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2020.108736

Wafer*, Alexis, Theresa Culley, Kala Stephens, and J. Ryan Stewart (2020) Genetic comparison of introduced and native populations of Rhamnus cathartica, a woody shrub introduced into North America from Europe. Invasive Plant Science and Management 13(2): 68-75.

Jaconis, Susan, Theresa M. Culley, Tim C. Keener, Marissa S. Liang, Alexandra M. Meier*, and Robert J. Elam* (2020) Effects of short-term exposure to diesel exhaust on ecophysiology, growth, and fecundity of two herbaceous plantOhio J Science.


Serota, Tziphora and Theresa M. Culley (In press) Seed Germination and Seedling Survival of Invasive Callery Pear (Pyrus calleryana Decene.) 11 Years After Fruit Collection. Castanea.

Stokes, Richard L., Megan Philpott and Theresa M. Culley (2019) Clonality and Genetic Diversity in the Eastern North American Spring Ephemeral, Erythronium americanum Ker-Gawl. (American Trout Lily)Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 146(3): 143-154.

Dreisilker, Kurt, Clair Ryan, Theresa Culley, and Jessica A. Schuler (2019) Public gardens as sentinels against invasive plants. Public Garden 34(2): 10-13.


Theresa M. Culley, Pamela K. Diggle, Amy McPherson, Beth Parada, Richard Hund, Loren H. Rieseberg, J. Chris Pires, Stacey D. Smith, and William E. Friedman (2018) How to publish your research: Tips for junior researchers. Plant Science Bulletin64(3): 167-171. PDF

Culley, Theresa (2018) How to avoid predatory journals when publishing your work. Plant Science Bulletin 64(2): 96-111. PDF

Diggle, Pamela and Theresa M. Culley (2018) Editorial: The beginning of a new partnership.  Dual publication in both Applications in Plant Sciences 6(1) PDF and American Journal of Botany PDF


Culley, Theresa M. (2017) Editorial – The frontier of data discoverability: Why we need to share our data. Applications in Plant Sciences 5(10): apps.1700111. PDF

Pence, Valerie C., Megan Philpott, Theresa M. Culley, Bernadette Plair, Suzanne R. Yorke, Kristine Lindsey, Anne-Catherine Vanhove, Daniel Ballesteros (2017) Survival and genetic stability of shoot tips of Hedeoma todsenii after long-term cryostorage. In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology – Plant 53(4): 328-338.

Culley, Theresa M. (2017) The rise and fall of the ornamental Callery pear tree. Invited submission to Arnoldia 74(3): 1-11. PDF

Jaconis, Susan, Theresa M. Culley, and Alexandra M. Meier* (2017) Does particulate matter along roadsides interfere with plant reproduction? A comparison of effects of different road types on Cichorium intybus pollen deposition and germination. Environmental Pollution 222: 261-266.

Culley, Theresa M. and Kathryn E. Theiss (2017) How to be an effective session moderator.  Plant Science Bulletin 63(3): 124-127. PDF


Avaneysan, Alina and Theresa M. Culley (2016). Tolerance of native and exotic prairie grasses to herbivory by Melanoplus grasshoppers: Application of a non-destructive method for estimating plant biomass changes as a response to herbivory. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 144(1):15-25.

Culley, Theresa M. (2016) Identifying invasive plant species: What plant propagators need to know about the science behind invasive plant assessment protocols. Acta Horticulturae 1140: Proceedings of the 2015 Annual Meeting of the International Plant Propagators Society. doi: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2016.1140.59 PDF

Kolbe, Sarah E., Arnold I. Miller, Amy Townsend-Small, Guy N. Cameron, and Theresa M. Culley (2016) Impact of land-use history and forest trees on soil organic carbon and nitrogen stocks. Soil Science Society of America Journal 80(4):1089-1097.

Culley, Theresa M., Cynthia D. Huebner, and Ari Novy (2016) Regional and local genetic variation in Japanese Stiltgrass (Microstegium vimineum). Invasive Plant Science and Management 9: 96-111.

Kolbe, Sarah E., Arnold I. Miller, Guy N. Cameron, and Theresa M. Culley (2016) Effects of natural and anthropogenic environmental influences on tree community composition and structure in forests along an Urban-Wildland gradient in southwestern Ohio. Urban Ecosystems 19: 915-938.

Culley, Theresa M., Guy N. Cameron, Sarah Kolbe, and Arnold I. Miller (2016) Association of non-native Lonicera maackii (Amur honeysuckle) with other invasive plant species in eastern deciduous forests in southwestern Ohio. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 143: 398-414.

Cameron, Guy N., Theresa M. Culley, Sarah E. Kolbe, Arnold I. Miller, and Stephen F. Matter (2016) Relationships between an invasive shrub, Lonicera maackii (Rupr.) Herder (Amur honeysuckle) and environmental factors on recruitment of sugar maple trees, Acer saccharum Marshall, in Southwestern Ohio. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 143: 386-397.

Doria R. Gordon, S. Luke Flory, Deah Lieurance, Philip E. Hulme, Chris Buddenhagen, Barney Caton, Paul D. Champion, Theresa M. Culley, Curt Daehler, Franz Essl, Jeffrey E. Hill, Reuben P. Keller, Lisa Kohl, Anthony L. Koop, Sabrina Kumschick, David M. Lodge, Richard N. Mack, Laura A. Meyerson, Godshen R. Pallipparambil, F. Dane Panetta, Read Porter, Petr Pyšek, Lauren D. Quinn, David M. Richardson, Daniel Simberloff, and Montserrat Vilà (2016) Rebuttal to Smith et al. 2015: Weed risk assessments are an effective component of invasion risk management. Invasive Plant Science and Management 9: 81-83.

Buerger, Amanda, Kate Howe, Ellen Jacquart, Monika Chandler, Theresa M. Culley, Chris Evans, Kelly Kearns, Robert Schultzi, and Laura van Riper (2016). Risk Assessments for Invasive Plants: A Midwestern U.S. Comparison. Invasive Plant Science and Management 9: 41-54.


Redelings, Benjamin D., Seji Kumagai, Andrey Tatarenkov, Liuyand Wang, Ann K. Sakai, Stephen G. Weller, Theresa M. Culley, John C. Avise, and Marcy K. Uyenoyama (2015) Bayesian co-estimation of selfing rate and locus-specific mutation rates for a partially selfing population. Genetics. Pre-print available at: http://biorxiv.org/content/early/2015/06/07/020537

Sarah E. Kolbe, Amy Townsend-Small, Arnold I. Miller, Theresa M. Culley, and Guy N. Cameron (2015) Effect of Lonicera maackii on soil carbon and nitrogen in Southwestern Ohio forests. Invasive Plant Science and Management 8(4):375-384. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1614/IPSM-D-15-00010.1

Merritt, Benjamin J., Theresa M. Culley, Alina Avaneysan, Richard Stokes, and Jessica Brzyski (2015) An empirical review: Characteristics of plant microsatellite markers that confer greater levels of genetic variation. Applications in Plant Sciences 3(8): 375-384. 1500025. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3732/apps.1500025. PDF

Avanesyan, Alina and Theresa M. Culley (2015) Feeding preferences of Melanoplus femurrubrum grasshoppers on native and exotic grasses: behavioral and molecular approaches. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata doi: 10.1111/eea.12356.

Cameron, Guy N., Theresa M. Culley, Sarah E. Kolbe, Arnold I. Miller, and Stephen F. Matter (2015) Effects of urbanization on herbaceous forest vegetation: The relative impacts of soil, geography, biotic interactions, human access, and an invasive shrub. Urban Ecosystems 18: 1051-1069. doi: 10.1007/s11252-015-0472-6.

Thompson, K.M., T.M. Culley, A.M. Zumberger*, and D.L. Lentz (2015) Genetic variation and structure in the neotropical tree, Manilkara zapota(L.) P. Royen (Sapotaceae) used by the ancient MayaTree Genetics and Genomes 11:40. doi: 10.1007/s11295-015-0867-9. [Data available here]

Avanesyan, Alina and Theresa M. Culley (2015) Herbivory of native and exotic North American prairie grasses by nymph Melanoplus grasshoppers. Plant Ecology 216: 451-464.

Jenny K. Archibald, Susan R. Kephart, Kathryn E. Theiss, Anna L. Petrosky*, and Theresa M. Culley (2015) Multilocus phylogenetic inference in subfamily Chlorogaloideae and related genera of Agavaceae – informing questions in taxonomy at multiple ranks. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 84: 266-283.


Brzyski, Jessica and Theresa M. Culley (2011) Does sexual reproduction matter for rare clonal species in frequently disturbed habitats? Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society.

Culley, Theresa M. (2014) Editorial: APPS‘s stance of self-plagiarism: Just say no. Applications in Plant Sciences 2(7): 1400055. http://dx.doi.org/10.3732/apps.1400055. PDF

Kuester, Adam, Jeffrey K. Conner, Theresa Culley, and Regina S. Baucom (2014) How weeds emerge: a taxonomic and trait-based examination using United States data. New Phytologist 202(3):1055-68. doi: 10.1111/nph.12698.

Weller, S.G., A.K. Sakai, T.M. Culley , L. Duong, and R.E. Danielson (2014) Segregation of male-sterility alleles across a species boundary. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 27(2):429-36. doi: 10.1111/jeb.12312


Culley, Theresa M. (2013) Why Vouchers Matter in Botanical Research. Applications in Plant Sciences 1(11): 1300076. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3732/apps.1300076. PDF

Merritt, Benjamin J., Joshua B. Jones, Nicole A. Hardiman, and Theresa M. Culley (2013) Comparison of photosynthetic characteristics in cultivated and wild offspring of the invasive Callery pear (Pyrus calleryana). Biological Invasions 16(2): 393–400. doi: 10.1007/s10530-013-0528-6.

Culley, Theresa M., Trevor I. Stamper, Richard L. Stokes, Jessica R. Brzyski, Nicole A. Hardiman, Matthew R. Klooster, and Benjamin J. Merritt (2013) An efficient technique for primer development and application that integrates fluorescent labeling and multiplex PCR.  Applications in Plant Sciences 1(10):1300027. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3732/apps.1300027 PDF

Brzyski, Jessica and Theresa M. Culley (2013) Seed germination in the riparian zone: the case of the rare shrub, Spiraea virginiana (Rosaceae). Castanea 78(2): 87-94.

Culley, Theresa M., Ju-Fang Leng, Susan R. Kephart, Francis Cartieri, and Kathryn E. Theiss (2013)  Development of 16 microsatellite markers within the Camassia (Agavaceae) species complex and amplification in related taxa. Applications in Plant Sciences 1(8):1300001.  doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3732/apps.1300001. PDF

Sakai, Ann K., Stephen G. Weller, Diane R. Campbell, Theresa M. Culley, Amy K. Dunbar-Wallis, and Allen M. Andres (2013) Measure for measure: comparing morphological and biomass traits for sex allocation in two gynodioecious species. American Journal of Botany 100(6): 1071-1082.

Culley, Theresa M. (2013) Changing technologies offer new opportunities in the plant sciences.  Applications in Plant Sciences 1(1) 2013.  PDF


Culley, Theresa M. and Richard L. Stokes (2012) Genetic structure and outcrossing rates in Viola pedunculata (Violaceae), a California endemic violet lacking cleistogamous flowers. Madroño 59(4): 181-189.

Quinn, Lauren D., Theresa M. Culley, and J. Ryan Stewart (2012) Genetic comparison of introduced and native populations of Miscanthus sinensis(Poaceae), a potential bioenergy crop. Grassland Science 58(2): 101-111.


Wallace, Lisa, Theresa Culley, Stephen G. Weller, Ann Sakai, Ashley Kuenzi, Tilottama Roy, Warren Wagner, and Molly Nepokroeff (2011) Asymmetrical gene flow in a hybrid zone of Hawaiian Schiedea (Caryophyllaceae): Species with contrasting mating systems. PLos Biology at http://dx.plos.org/ 10.1371/journal.pone.0024845.

Brzyski, Jessica R. and Theresa M. Culley (2011) Genetic variation and clonal structure of the rare, riparian shrub Spiraea virginiana (Rosaceae). Conservation Genetics 12(5): 1323-1332.

Culley, Theresa M., Nicole A. Hardiman, and Jennifer Hawks (2011) The role of horticulture in plant invasions: How grafting in cultivars of Callery pear (Pyrus calleryana) can facilitate spread into natural areas. Biological Invasions 13(3): 739.

Campbell, Diane R.; Weller, Stephen G.; Sakai, Ann K.; et al. (2011) Genetic variation and covariation in floral allocation of two species of Schiedea wih contrasting levels of sexual dimorphism. Evolution 65(3): 757-770.


Klooster, M, & Culley, T.M. (2010) Population genetic structure of the mycoheterotroph Monotropa hypopitys L. (Ericaceae) and differentiation between red and yellow color forms. International Journal of Plant Sciences 171(2): 167-174.

Snow, Allison A., Theresa M. Culley, Lesley Campbell, Patricia Sweeney, Subray Hedge, and Norman Ellstrand (2010) Long-term persistence of crop alleles in weed populations. New Phytologist 186(2): 537-548.

Culley, Theresa M. and J. Ryan Stewart (2010) Microsatellite primers in Rhamnus cathartica (Rhamnaceae) and applicability in related taxa to assess hybridization events. AJB Primer Notes and Protocols in thse Plant Sciences e7-e9.

Hardiman, Nicole A. and Theresa M. Culley (2010) Reproductive success of cultivated Pyrus calleryana (Rosaceae) and establishment ability of invasive, hybrid progeny. American Journal of Botany 97(10): 1698-1706.

Campbell, Diane, Stephen Weller, Ann Sakai, Theresa Culley, Phuc Dang, and Amy Dunbar-Wallis (2010) Genetic variation and covariation in floral allocation of two species of Schiedea with contrasting levels of sexual dimorphism. Evolution 63(3):757-770.


Klooster, M, & Culley, T.M. (2009) Cryptic bracts facilitate herbivore avoidance in the myco-hetrotrophic plant, Monotropsis odorata (Ericaceae). American Journal of Botany 96(12): 2197-2205.

Culley, T.M., & Hardiman, N.A. (2009) The role of intraspecific hybridization in the evolution of invasiveness: A case study of the ornamental pear tree Pyrus calleryana. Biological Invasions 11(5):1107-1119.

Klooster, M., Hoenle, A., & Culley, T.M. (2009) Characterization of microsatellite loci in the myco-heterotrophic plant, Monotropa hypopitys (Ericaceae) and amplification in related taxa. Molecular Ecology Resources 9(1): 219-221.

Klooster, M, & Culley, T.M. (2009) Comparative analysis of the reproductive ecology of Monotropa and Monotropsis: Two myco-heterotrophic genera in the Monotropoideae (Ericaceae). American Journal of Botany 96(7): 1337-1347.


Sakai, A., Weller, S., Culley, T.M., Campbell, D., Dunbar-Wallis, A., & Andres, A. (2008) Sexual dimorphism and the genetic potential for evolution of sex allocation in the gynodioecious plant, Schiedea salicaria. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 21(1):18-29.

Culley, T.M., Weller, S.G., Sakai, A.K., & Putnam, K.A. (2008) Characterization of microsatellite loci in the Hawaiian endemic shrub, Schiedea adamantis (Caryophyllaceae), and amplification in related genera. Molecular Ecology Resources 8(5):1081-1084.


Weller, S.G., Sakai, A.K., Culley, T.M., Campbell, D.R., Ngo, P., & Dunbar-Wallis, A.K. (2007) Sexually dimorphic inflorescence traits in a wind-pollinated species: heritabilities and genetic correlations in Schiedea adamantis (Caryophyllaceae). American Journal of Botany 94(10):1716-1725.

Culley, T.M., & Hardiman, N.A. (2007) The beginning of a new invasive plant: A history of the ornamental Callery Pear tree in the United States. BioScience 57(11):956-964.

Culley, T.M., & Klooster, M.R. (2007) The cleistogamous breeding system: a review of its frequency, evolution and ecology in angiosperms. The Botanical Review 73(1):1-30.
Underlying datasets available at Scholar@UC: https://scholar.uc.edu/show/zk51vj50m and https://scholar.uc.edu/show/zk51vj53f

Thompson, K., Miller, M.C., & Culley, T.M. (2007) Comparison of plant species richness, diversity, and biomass in Ohio wetlands. The Ohio Journal of Science 107(3):2-9.

Culley, Theresa M, Sbita, Sarah J, & Wick, Anne (2007) Population genetic effects of urban habitat fragmentation in the perennial herb Viola pubescens (Violaceae) using ISSR markers. Annals of Botany 100(1):91-100.


Culley, T.M., Dunbar-Wallis, A.K., Sakai, A.K., Weller, S.G., Mishio, M., Campbell, D.R., & Herzenach, M. (2006) Genetic variation of ecophysiological traits in two gynodioecious species of Schiedea (Caryophyllaceae). New Phytologist 169(3):589-601.

Sakai, A.K., Weller, S.G., Wagner, W.L., Nepokroeff, M., & Culley, T.M. (2006) Adaptive radiation and evolution of breeding systems in Schiedea (Caryophyllaceae), an endemic Hawaiian genus. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 93(1):49-63.

Weller, S.G., Sakai, A.K., Culley, T.M., Campbell, D.R., & Dunbar-Wallis, A.K. (2006) Predicting the pathway to wind pollination: Heritabilities and genetic correlations of inflorescence traits associated with wind pollination in Schiedea salicaria (Caryophyllaceae). Journal of Evolutionary Biology 19(2):331-342.

Washburn, S.J., & Culley, T.M. (2006) Epiphytic macrolichens of the Greater Cincinnati metropolitan area – Part II: Distribution, diversity and urban ecology. The Bryologist 109:516-520.

Culley, Theresa M, Dunbar-Wallis, Amy K, Sakai, Ann K, Weller, Stephen G, Mishio, Masako, Campbell, Diane R, & Herzenach, MaryKay (2006) Genetic variation of ecophysiological traits in two gynodioecious species of Schiedea (Caryophyllaceae). The New Phytologist 169(3):589-601.


Culley, T. M. (2005) Characterization of newly developed microsatellite loci in the Stemmed Yellow Violet, Viola pubescens (Violaceae). Molecular Ecology Notes 5:882-884.


Klips, R. A., & Culley, T.M. (2004) Natural hybridization between prairie milkweeds, Asclepias sullivantii and A. syriaca: morphological, isozyme, and hand-pollination evidence. International Journal of Plant Sciences 165(6):1027-1037.


Culley, T.M., & Grubb, T.C. (2003) Genetic effects of habitat fragmentation in Viola pubescens (Violaceae), a perennial herb with chasmogamous and cleistogamous flowers. Molecular Ecology 12(11):2919-2930.

Culley, Theresa M, & Grubb, Thomas C (2003) Genetic effects of habitat fragmentation in Viola pubescens (Violaceae), a perennial herb with chasmogamous and cleistogamous flowers. Molecular Ecology 12(11):2919-30.


Culley, T.M. (2002) Reproductive biology and delayed selfing in Viola pubescens (Violaceae), an understory herb with chasmogamous and cleistogamous flowers. International Journal of Plant Sciences 163(1):113-122.

Culley, T.M., Wallace, L.E., Gengler-Nowak, K., & Crawford, D.J. (2002) A comparison of two methods of calculating Gst, a genetic measure of population differentiation. American Journal of Botany 89(3):460-465.

Culley, T.M., Weller, S.G., & Sakai, A.K. (2002) The evolution of wind pollination in angiosperms. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 17(8):361-369.

Cummings, C.L., Alexander, H.M., Snow, A.A., Rieseberg, L.H., Kim, M., & Culley, T.M. (2002) Fecundity selection in an experimental sunflower crop-wild system: how well do ecological data predict crop allele persistence? Ecological Applications 12(6):1661-1671.


Snow, A.A., Uthus, K.L., & Culley, T.M. (2001) Fitness of hybrids between cultivated Raphanus sativus and weedy R. raphanistrum: implications for weed evolution. Ecological Applications 11(3):934-943.

Culley, T.M., & Wolfe, A.D. (2001) Population genetic structure of the cleistogamous plant species Viola pubescens, as indicated by isozyme and ISSR molecular markers. Heredity 86(5):545-556.

2000 and earlier

Culley, T.M. (2000) Inbreeding depression and floral type differences in Viola canadensis (Violaceae), a perennial herb with chasmogamous and cleistogamous flowers. Canadian Journal of Botany 78(11):1420-1429.

Culley, T.M., Weller, S.G., Sakai, A.K., & Rankin A.E. (1999) Inbreeding depression and selfing rates in a self-compatible, hermaphroditic species, Schiedea membranacea (Caryophyllaceae). American Journal of Botany 86(7):980-987.

Updated Oct. 20. 2022